Second level sentences consists of a subject & verb or an object & verb. Subjects will be marked with a final "-t" and objects will be marked with the final "-n." The "-n" closes out (ends) the object word or phrase.


Efvt heces.

The dog sees. (it sees)

Canet lētkes.

John runs.

Canet lētkv?

Does John run?


How are you? How goes it? What’s happening ? 

Cepvnēt pohes.

A boy hears.

Naken yvhikvnkv?

What did s/he sing (-vnk- recently )?


She's cooking, isn't she? "o" indicates rhetorical question


 Second level sentences may consist of an object & verb.

Objects will be marked but with an "--n." Efvn heces. S/he sees a dog.

(She, he and it are built into the verb)

Efvn hecv?

Does s/he see a dog?

Efvn hecetskv?

Do you see the dog?

Efvt hecv?

Does the dog see? (the dog, does it see?)

Efvt heces.

The dog sees, (does see).

Cepvnēn pohv?

Does s/he hear the boy?

Cepvnēn pohvnkv?

Did s/he hear the boy (in recent days)?

Ehe, cepvnēn pohvnks.

Yes, we recently heard the boy.


  Third level (full form) sentences contain a subject, object and verb.

Canet efvn heces.

John sees a dog. (John, he sees)

Canet efv hvtkēn heces.

John sees the white dog.

Melet efvn heces.

Mary sees the dog. (Mary, she sees)

Efvt Melen heces.

The dog sees Mary. (The dog, it sees)

Efv hvtkēt Melen heces.

The white dog sees Mary.

Efvt Melen pohvnks

The dog heard Mary (recently).