There are two types of Creek verbs called TYPE I and TYPE II respectively.

Type I verbs are active/action verbs. These energetic verbs change forms to tell you who is doing what to whom. They do this largely by adding pronoun endings They also embed tense (time) markers to let you know exactly when the action occurred or will occur. English does this by adding words to the verb phrase or other parts of the sentence.

OMETV "To Be" TYPE I verb. The "root / stem" is OM-- when "--etv" is dropped.




I am...

omēs (omēyes)

we are...


you are (singular)


you are (plural)...


s/he or it is...


they are...

Learn these following embedded pronoun endings. They are used with all TYPE I verbs.

These embedded pronouns are sound markers--sounds marking the doer of the action.

Why are these endings important? Well, they tell you who is doing the action of the verb. They repeat, that is, restate the subject of the sentence as a pronoun buried within the verb ending. This linguistic arrangement is much easier than English whose flexibility allows many different ways to convey the very same information. Creek presents the information with great clarity to those who know their endings…!


I am

--ēs or ēyes *

we are


you are (one)


you all are


s/he or it is


they are

s and "ēyes" sound alike but "ēyēs” is best used when writing in order to insure the reader
understands that is it "we."

Some General Sentence patterns:

Simple Creek sentences can consist of one word, a verb, in which the subject and/or object are embedded or implied, in its ending. Study the following examples and note their endings.


S/he sees. (observes, views) S/he sees it.


Look! See! (one only) "--vs" is the imperative form.


I see. I view. I observe.


I run. (one only)


You run. (one only)


Sit! (one only)


S/he sings.


S/he will sing (infix -vre- for general future II tense).


Like Creek nouns, Creek verbs are very expandable through the use of particles. Let’s examine some "verbal expansions" based on the verb Hecetv "to see."

Tvkheces. S/he looks on the ground.

Akhecvs! Look in the water!

Ohhecvs! Look on it (upon, over it, above it or toward it)

Raheces. S/he looks back.

Eheces. S/he sees him/herself.

Eshecvs! Find it!

Etehecetv "to see each other"

Yehecetv "to come and see, to come and visit"

Hecicetv "to show" (cause someone to see, "-ic-" is a causative infix)


Verbs always repeat the stated subject as an embedded pronoun. See verb endings above.

Verbs (declarative) stating an action normally end with an "-s." These are TYPE I verbs.

Verbs (interrogative) asking a question usually end in a vowel: "--v? -tē? --o? or --a?"


S/he sees? Does s/he see? (observe? look?)


Do you run?


Will s/he sing?

The "-etē?" is the interrogative for the general or second future (II) tense
The "--v?" (sometimes written as "--a?") is used for the other tenses.